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Bornean Wildlife

Kalimantan and Sumatra are the only places on Earth where tigers, rhinos, orangutans and elephants live together.

Orangutans

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These great apes share 97 per cent of their DNA with humans. Their name comes from orang – meaning ‘person’ – and hutan – meaning ‘forest’. When stretched out, their arms can be 2 metres from fingertip to fingertip.

The sunda clouded leopard

Only found on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra, the coat of this elusive cat is dotted with large, dark-edged ovals, said to be shaped like clouds. Its canine teeth are over 5cm long, and its tail – which gives it balance – can be as long as its body.

Horsfield’s tarsier

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This bizarre-looking little critter is a tree-dwelling nocturnal primate with very large eyes, a long tufted tail and very long hindlimbs. The tiny creature grows to a maximum of 15cm and is known for its extraordinary leaping ability.

Borneo pygmy elephant

This elephant looks most like Disney’s Dumbo, and only about 1,500 of these long-tailed pachyderms are thought to be alive in the forests of Borneo. While the largest African elephant ever found was 3.96 m high, the Borneo pygmy ‘only’ reaches 2.7 m.

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