The Sun Bear
Why are they called ‘sun bears’?
Sun bears have black fur with light-coloured marks under their necks, which vary in shape. Most of these marks resemble a crescent sun, hence their name.
Where do they live?
They are found in forests in tropical South Asian and Southeast Asian countries, including Indonesia and Malaysia, mainly on the island of Borneo. They also live in Sumatra’s Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu Biosphere Reserve.
How big are they?
Sun bears are the smallest bear species in the world. Adults are about 120–150cm long and weigh 35–80kg. They can live up to 25 years.
What do they eat?
Sun bears are omnivores: they eat insects and fruit, as well as honey, honeycomb and bees, so they are called beruang madu or ‘honey bears’ by Indonesians and Malaysians.