What were the reasons for fighting going on in Vietnam?
China had become communist in 1949 and communists were in control of North Vietnam. The USA was afraid that communism would spread to South Vietnam and then the rest of Asia. It decided to send money, supplies and military advisers to help the South Vietnamese Government.
What was the North Vietnamese Army fighting for?
North Vietnamese soldiers were dedicated to fighting for independence and for communism. They were fiercely loyal to their leadership, which had already provided land reform in the north. These soldiers were conscripted and served long tours of duty.
What was the difference between North and South Vietnam during the war?
Vietnam, however, was divided at the 17th parallel. Ho Chi Minh led a communist government in the north (Democratic Republic of Vietnam) with its capital at Hanoi, and a new Republic of South Vietnam was established under President Ngo Dinh Diem, with its capital at Saigon.
Why did North Vietnam invade South Vietnam?
May 1959: North Vietnam forces begin to build a supply route through Laos and Cambodia to South Vietnam in an effort to support guerrilla attacks against Diem’s government in the south. The route becomes known as the Ho Chi Minh Trail and is greatly expanded and enhanced during the Vietnam War.
What did the Soviet Union and its allies want during the Vietnam War?
As the world’s largest communist powers, both the Soviet Union and China gave moral, logistic and military support to North Vietnam. They hoped to build and expand communism in the Asia.
Why did Vietnam split into two parts?
The Geneva Conference of 1954 ended France’s colonial presence in Vietnam and partitioned the country into two states at the 17th parallel pending unification on the basis of internationally supervised free elections.
Does North and South Vietnam still exist?
The Vietnam War’s north-south division officially ended 31 years ago. Vast cultural differences divide the former republics of North and South Vietnam. Hanoi is as far from Ho Chi Minh City, the former Saigon, as New York City is from Atlanta.
What type of government did South Vietnam have during the Vietnam War?
Between 1954 and 1963 South Vietnam was a nominally democratic republic, propped up by American political and financial support. In reality, there was little democratic about its government. 2. South Vietnam’s leader, Ngo Dinh Diem, claimed to head a democratic government.