Who ruled Indonesia before the Japanese invasion in 1942?
By the early 20th century, Dutch dominance extended to the current boundaries. The Japanese invasion and subsequent occupation in 1942–45 during WWII ended Dutch rule, and encouraged the previously suppressed Indonesian independence movement.
Why did Japan invade Indonesia?
The Japanese occupied the archipelago in order, like their Portuguese and Dutch predecessors, to secure its rich natural resources. … To feed Japan’s war machine, large amounts of petroleum, scrap iron, and other raw materials had to be imported from foreign sources.
Who liberated Indonesia WW2?
The Japanese invasion of the Dutch East Indies began on 10 January 1942, and the Imperial Japanese Army overran the entire colony in less than three months.
Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies.
|Japanese-occupied Dutch East Indies Ranryō Higashi Indo 蘭領東印度|
|• Dutch capitulation||8 March 1942|
|• Pacific War||1941–1945|
How did Indonesia gain independence from Japan?
After the Second World War, the Netherlands tried to reconquer their former colony, which they had been forced to abandon to the Japanese in 1942. When Japan surrendered on 17 August 1945, the Indonesian leader, Sukarno, proclaimed the independence of Indonesia. …