Why Philippines has a rich ecosystem?
The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.
What type of ecosystem does the Philippines have?
The Lay of the Land: Ecosystem Diversity in the Philippines
|General Types (Higher Level)||Sub-types (Lower Level)|
|Brackish/Estuarine Ecosystem||Mangrove swamp Nipa swamp|
|Saltwater/Marine Ecosystem||Mudflats Seagrass belts Coral reefs|
Do Philippines have rich natural resources?
The Philippines is a country rich in natural resources, such as minerals, agricultural land and fisheries, but this wealth is threatened by fast economic growth, rapid urbanisation and climate change. Evidence-based decision making can help balance the need for economic growth with sustainable resource management.
How rich is the Philippines biodiversity?
The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora.
What place in the Philippines that has rich biodiversity?
As a result, Palawan not only showcases many of the flora and fauna associated with the rest of the Philippines, but also has many birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, trees and plants found on the island of Borneo.
What are the freshwater ecosystem in the Philippines?
The Philippines has various freshwater ecosystems consist– ing of lakes, swamps, reservoirs, rivers, ponds and small impound- ments with an aggregate area of over 370,000 ha (Table 1 ). Our freshwater ecosystems are valuable resources from the standpoint of the economy, as well as that of biodiversity.
What are the major natural resources of Philippines?
The natural resources of the Philippines include copper, timber, nickel, petroleum, silver, gold, cobalt, and salt.
Is Philippines rich in plants?
“The Philippines is very rich in plants that are endemic, but only a little over 50 percent of the reported 1,500 medicinal plants have been documented for their traditional use,” she said, adding that only about 120 plant species have been scientifically validated for their safety and nearly 70 percent of these are …
What is Philippine natural resources?
The country is rich in gold, copper, chromite, silver, nickel, cobalt, and other minerals. Coal and limestone are also abundant. According to advertisements placed in The Financial Times in 1989: “The Philippines is more densely mineralised than Australia, the tonnages are larger and the terrain is largely unexplored.