How did Vietnam gain independence from the French?
In early 1945, Japan ousted the French administration in Vietnam and executed numerous French officials. When Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh felt emboldened enough to proclaim the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
How long was Vietnam a French colony?
From the late 1800’s to 1954, Vietnam was part of a French colony called French Indochina.
Did any French stay in Vietnam?
After 1954, French fell into disuse in North Vietnam, and maintained a high status in South Vietnam. Since the Fall of Saigon in 1975, French has declined in modern Vietnam: in 2018, under 1% of the population was fluent in French.
What was the result of France leaving Vietnam in 1954?
Coming after the First Indochina War, this period resulted in the military defeat of the French, a 1954 Geneva meeting that partitioned Vietnam into North and South, and the French withdrawal from Vietnam (see First Indochina War), leaving the Republic of Vietnam regime fighting a communist insurgency with USA aid.
Why did the Vietnamese want independence?
The Vietnamese rejected French rule for pretty much the same reason that the American colonies rejected British rule. The reason for that is that the Vietnamese wanted to be free and independent just like people from just about every country want to be.
Why did the French return to Vietnam after ww2?
The French, however, were determined to restore their colonial presence in Indochina and, with the aid of British occupation forces, seized control of Cochinchina. Thus, at the beginning of 1946, there were two Vietnams: a communist north and a noncommunist south.
When and where were the French finally defeated in Vietnam?
Finally, with their shattering defeat by the Viet Minh at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in May 1954, the French came to the end of their rule in Indochina.