Which nation colonized Vietnam and then left when Vietnam gained independence in 1954?

What country colonized Vietnam and when did they leave Vietnam?

French Colonization

The French colonized Vietnam in the mid-1800s, and over the next century exploited the land and forced the people into indentured servitude. It was during this time that Ho Chi Minh began using the banners of communism and nationalism to unite Vietnam’s people.

Who controlled Vietnam after 1954?

The French Indochina War broke out in 1946 and went on for eight years, with France’s war effort largely funded and supplied by the United States. Finally, with their shattering defeat by the Viet Minh at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in May 1954, the French came to the end of their rule in Indochina.

Why did the French leave Vietnam in 1954?

In the late 1940s, the French struggled to control its colonies in Indochina – Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. … On May 7, 1954, the French-held garrison at Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam fell after a four month siege led by Vietnamese nationalist Ho Chi Minh. After the fall of Dien Bien Phu, the French pulled out of the region.

When did the US leave Vietnam?

Finally, in January 1973, representatives of the United States, North and South Vietnam, and the Vietcong signed a peace agreement in Paris, ending the direct U.S. military involvement in the Vietnam War.

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What countries invaded Vietnam?

During World War II, Japanese forces invaded Vietnam. To fight off both Japanese occupiers and the French colonial administration, political leader Ho Chi Minh—inspired by Chinese and Soviet communism—formed the Viet Minh, or the League for the Independence of Vietnam.

How long was America colonized in Vietnam?

The United States in the Vietnam War began shortly after the end of World War II in an extremely limited capacity and over a period of 20-years escalated peaking in April 1969 with 543,000 Americans stationed in Vietnam.

Was Vietnam a French colony?

Vietnam became a French colony in 1877 with the founding of French Indochina, which included Tonkin, Annam, Cochin China and Cambodia. (Laos was added in 1893.) The French lost control of their colony briefly during World War II, when Japanese troops occupied Vietnam.