What are the 7 most common hydrometeorological hazard in the Philippines?
These 8 shocks are disasters due to (1) strong winds and rains, (2) flood due to continuous rains, storms, (3) landslide/mudslide, (4) big waves including tsunami and storm surge, (5) drought, (6) biological hazards (i.e. leptospirosis), (7) earthquake, and (8) volcanic eruption.
What are examples of hydrometeorological hazards?
Hydrometeorological hazards are of atmospheric, hydrological or oceanographic origin. Examples are tropical cyclones (also known as typhoons and hurricanes); floods, including flash floods; drought; heatwaves and cold spells; and coastal storm surges.
Why is the Philippines prone to hydrometeorological hazards?
Due to its geographic setting and the constantly changing weather patterns, the Philippines has always been vulnerable to natural hazards such as floods and landslides. … With the combination of sea level rise and more intense typhoons, the hazard posed by storm surges is also increased.
How many hydrometeorological hazards are there?
Hydrometeorological hazards include tropical cyclones (also known as typhoons and hurricanes), thunderstorms, hailstorms, tornados, blizzards, heavy snowfall, avalanches, coastal storm surges, floods including flash floods, drought, heatwaves and cold spells.
What are hydro-meteorological disasters?
Tropical cyclones, heavy rainfall, severe thunderstorms, floods and drought are hydro-meteorological hazards whereas earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are grouped under geological hazards. Landslides and avalanches are caused by a combination of geological and hydro-meteorological factors.
What is the hydrometeorological Hazard?
Description. Hydrometeorological hazards are caused by extreme meteorological and climate events, such as floods, droughts, hurricanes, tornadoes, landslides, or mudslides. … Multiple hazards often concur in one extreme weather event.
What are examples of hazards?
What are examples of a hazard?
|Table 1 Examples of Hazards and Their Effects|
|Workplace Hazard||Example of Hazard||Example of Harm Caused|
|Source of Energy||Electricity||Shock, electrocution|
|Condition||Wet floor||Slips, falls|
|Process||Welding||Metal fume fever|
Is Tsunami a hydro-meteorological hazard?
Earthquakes and tsunamis increase the risks of hydro-meteorological disasters. After the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), disaster-prevention structures such as coastal and river dikes were quickly rehabilitated.
What are examples of natural hazards?
Natural hazards are naturally occurring physical phenomena. They can be: Geophysical: a hazard originating from solid earth (such as earthquakes, landslides and volcanic activity) Hydrological: caused by the occurrence, movement and distribution of water on earth (such as floods and avalanches)
Why are those places prone to hydrometeorological hazards?
Hydrometeorological hazards are caused by extreme meteorological and climate events, such as floods, droughts, hurricanes, tornadoes, or landslides. … Oftentimes, multiple hazards can occur simultaneously or trigger cascading impacts from one extreme weather event.
Why is the Philippines considered a hazard risk country?
The Philippines by virtue of its geographic circumstances is highly prone to natural disasters, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tropical cyclones and floods, making it one of the most disaster prone countries in the world.
What is the specific location of the Philippines that makes it prone to hydrometeorological hazards such as typhoons?
Located just above the equator, the Philippines faces the western Pacific without much else in the way to take the force of storms before they make landfall. Those warm, equatorial waters power storms, about 20 typhoons a year.