Does Indonesia have a jury system?
The Indonesian legal system is a Civil Law system rather than a Common Law system (The Common Law System is found chiefly in Australia, England, America and other former British colonies). … For example, Civil Law systems do not use juries. Instead, decisions as to guilt or innocence are made by a panel of three judges.
What type of legal system does Indonesia have?
Indonesia implements a mixed legal system with the civil law system as the main legal system adopted from the Dutch colonial law. Indonesia also recognises the customary legal system (sistem hukum adat) and religious legal system (Islamic sharia law).
What is the criminal justice system in Indonesia?
Indonesia’s complex justice system evolved from three inherited sources of law: customary or adat law, Islamic law (sharia), and Dutch colonial law. The judicial branch is independent and coequal with executive and legislative branches, with Supreme Court and Constitutional Court at apex of judicial system.
Does Indonesia have an independent judiciary?
Constitutional and political reform, the ‘One Roof System’ and judicial independence. The amendments to the 1945 Constitution and other reforms have allowed the Supreme Court, and lower courts (high courts at the provincial level and district courts) to enjoy greater autonomy and an improved status.
Does Indonesia have judicial review?
Explaining why requires discussion of Indonesia’s so-called “hierarchy of laws.” The Constitution and various judiciary laws refer to the Supreme Court having power to review laws “below” statutes.
Why Indonesia is a civil law country?
Law of Indonesia is based on a civil law system, intermixed with customary law and the Roman Dutch law. … Dutch presence and subsequent occupation of Indonesia for 350 years has left a legacy of Dutch colonial law, largely in the Indonesia civil code.
What is the legal system?
Thus, from the above definition of ‘legal’ and ‘system’, a legal system can be defined as the principles or procedures for the classification of laws, matters or procedure relating to them. … For example, one similar characteristic of common law legal system is the doctrine of judicial precedent.
Who makes up the criminal justice system?
THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM CONSISTS OF THE POLICE, THE COURTS, AND CORRECTIONS. THE MAJOR TASKS OF THE POLICE INCLUDE SELECTIVELY ENFORCING THE LAW, POTECTING THE PUBLIC, AREESTING SUSPECTED LAW VIOLATORS, AND PREVENTING CRIME.
What is the criminal justice system in the Philippines?
The Philippine criminal justice system is composed of five parts or pillars, namely, law enforcement, prosecution, judiciary, penology, and the community. The law enforcement consists of the officers and men of the Philippine National Police (PNP), the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI), and other agencies.