How many landmines does Cambodia have?

Why is there so many landmines in Cambodia?

Most of the land mines in Cambodia were planted between 1985 and 1989, when the Vietnamese-allied government installed a “bamboo curtain” against the invading Thai and Khmer Rouge along the Thai-Cambodia border in the northwest.

How many landmines are still active?

The majority of the countries remaining outside the treaty keep stockpiles that collectively total around 50 million landmines. If not destroyed, those landmines remain ready to be used any time. The biggest stockpiles of antipersonnel landmines are held by: Russia, Pakistan, India, China, and the United States.

Who is responsible for the landmines in Cambodia?

The Cambodian Mine Action Center (CMAC) is the primary Cambodian agency in charge of mine clearing. It is a non-profit, quasi non-governmental organization run by Cambodians that evolved from the mine-clearing during the major United Nations peacekeeping operation in the early 1990s.

What are 3 difficulties Cambodian landmine victims face?

Individual difficulty in relationships and daily functioning is considerable, and the landmine victim faces social stigmatization, rejection and unemployment.

Why are rat mine sniffers needed in Cambodia?

Cambodia has deployed its next generation of rat recruits to sniff out landmines as part of efforts to boost de-mining operations in a country plagued for decades by unexploded ordnance (UXO). Twenty African giant pouched rats were recently imported from Tanzania and have undergone intense training.

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Which countries still have active landmines?

Today, the only country that actively places land mines in the ground is Myanmar. Yet, casualties continue. In 2017, more than 7,000 people — 87 percent of them civilians — were killed or injured by land mines. Only 202 of these casualties were in Myanmar.

Why does Egypt have so many landmines?

Moreover, in Egypt agriculture is one of the mainstays of the economy. Landmines are planted in fields, around wells, water sources, and hydroelectric installations, making these lands unusable or usable only at great risk.