Which country has most haze?
Bangladesh is the most polluted country in the world, with an average PM2. 5 concentration of 83.30, down from 97.10 in 2018. The country’s primary environmental pollutants are air and water pollution, groundwater contamination, noise pollution, and solid wastes.
What is the air quality like in Vietnam?
How bad is the air pollution in Vietnam? Vietnam is suffering from some of the worst air pollution recorded. From 2017 to 2018, the annual average concentration of PM2. 5 (fine particulate matter) within Ho Chi Minh City rose from 23.6 to 26.9 micrograms per cubic meter (µg/m³).
How does air pollution affect Vietnam?
Up to 60,000 deaths in Vietnam in 2016 were related to air pollution. On average, air quality being below the World Health Organization’s standard reduces life expectancy by one year and costs the country about 5 per cent of GDP per year.
How bad is pollution in Vietnam?
Both ambient (outdoor) and household (indoor) air pollution are responsible for about 7 million deaths globally per year; in the Western Pacific Region alone, around 2.2 million people die each year. In Vietnam, around 60 000 deaths each year are air pollution-related.
Which country has worst air quality?
List of most-polluted cities by particulate matter concentration
Why is the air pollution so bad in Hanoi?
Air pollution is not new in Hanoi, but remains as pressing an issue as ever. … The municipal authorities have blamed the low air quality on large-scale construction, large number of private vehicles, intensive industrial activity like steel and cement production, and coal-fired power plants.
How will climate change affect Vietnam?
The International Monetary Fund estimates that Vietnam’s economic growth may fall by 10% in 2021 due to climate change. Vietnam’s coastline is 3,200 kilometers long and 70 percent of its population lives in coastal areas and low‐lying deltas.
How does plastic pollution affect Vietnam?
Between 1990 and 2015, plastic consumption in Vietnam rocketed from 3.8 kg per year to 41 kg per year. This has created over 1.8 million tonnes of annual plastic waste. Unfortunately, proper disposal or collection has been limited. … Citizens lost trust in the system and in turn, lost their motivation to sort the waste.
What are the bad effects of air pollution?
Long-term exposure to polluted air can have permanent health effects such as:
- Accelerated aging of the lungs.
- Loss of lung capacity and decreased lung function.
- Development of diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and possibly cancer.
- Shortened life span.