Who was the first founder of Singapore?
Widely recognized as the founder of the port city of Singapore, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles’ (1781-1826) path to Singapore wasn’t effortless as one might imagine; and the recounting of his contribution would not be accurate without mentioning the other founder – William Farquhar (1774-1839), a native born Scotsman.
Who are the early settlers of Singapore?
Singapore’s early settlers and their contributions
- MALAYS. came from Riau Islands and other parts of Malay Archipelago. Javanese, Bugis, Minangkabaus, Boyanese. …
- CHINESE. came to Singapore seeking a better life. …
- INDIANS. Malayalees, Telugus, Sindhis, Tamils, Punjabis, Gujaratis, Bengalis, Sinhalese. …
- BRITISH. Sir Stamford Raffles.
Who lived Singapore before 1819?
Singapore Island originally was inhabited by fishermen and pirates, and it served as an outpost for the Sumatran empire of Srīvijaya. In Javanese inscriptions and Chinese records dating to the end of the 14th century, the more-common name of the island is Tumasik, or Temasek, from the Javanese word tasek (“sea”).
Who are the 2 founders of Singapore?
They were namely Sir Stamford Raffles, the recognised founder of Modern Singapore, William Farquhar and John Crawfurd, the first two Residents of Singapore.
Is William Farquhar the founder of Singapore?
William Farquhar was installed as the first British Resident and Commandant of Singapore following the establishment of a British trading post on the island by then Lieutenant Governor of Bencoolen, Sir Stamford Raffles, on 6 February 1819.
What was Singapore called before 1965?
Early Singapore was called “Temasek”, possibly a word deriving from “tasik” (Malay for lake or sea) and taken to mean Sea-town in Malay.
What was Singapore before 1819?
ABOUT “SINGAPURA BEFORE 1819”
The earliest records in which Singapore is mentioned describe it as a thriving port in the 14th century. It was known by different names then: The Chinese traders called it Danmaxi (Temasik or Temasek), while in the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals), it was called Singapura.
How old is Singapore now?
Singapore’s 56th Birthday – National Day Parade & Celebrations NDP 2021.
Where did the early settlers of Singapore come from?
The island had little-known historical significance. An early settlement on the island, called Temasek, had been visited regularly by Chinese merchants, and later the settlement came under the rule of the far-reaching Srivijaya Empire (9th-13th c. A.D.), which was based in Palembang in Sumatra.
What was an early settler or immigrant to Singapore?
The founding of colonial Singapore as a free port led to a rapid influx of people, initially mostly Malays, quickly followed by Chinese. It was estimated that when Raffles arrived in Singapore in January 1819, Singapore had about 120 Malays, 30 Chinese and some local tribes such as the Orang Laut.
Who are the pioneers of Singapore?
Singapore’s early pioneers: Tan Kah Kee and P. Govindasamy Pillai.