What are refugees fleeing from and why?
A refugee has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group. Most likely, they cannot return home or are afraid to do so. War and ethnic, tribal and religious violence are leading causes of refugees fleeing their countries.
Why are there Burmese refugees in Thailand?
IV. A PROFILE OF BURMESE REFUGEES IN THAILAND
The ethnic minorities are villagers living near the Thai-Burmese border who at different times have been caught up in fighting between the Burmese military and armed rebel groups belonging to ethnically-based insurgencies such as the Karen National Union (KNU).
Why are there so many Burmese in Thailand?
More than 80 percent of Burmese refugees in Thailand are ethnic Karen. They fled eastern Myanmar due to persecution by the Myanmar army beginning in 1988 and have resided in nine refugee camps along the Thailand-Myanmar border for nearly three decades.
Does Thailand have asylum?
It applies to Thailand even though Thailand has not ratified the 1951 Refugee Convention and does not have a refugee law or functioning asylum procedures. Thailand regards refugees of all nationalities living outside of designated refugee camps as being in the country illegally.
How many refugee camps are in Thailand?
Thailand has hosted refugees from Burma/Myanmar for more than three decades. The current nine main camps that are home to around 86,000 people are a result of consolidations over the years of many smaller settlements along the 2,400-kilometre border line.
How does Thailand perceive refugees?
While it is quite worrisome that the majority of Thais perceive that the inflow of refugees and migrants as a threat to their personal safety, refugees and migrants also need justice and the rights of protection while in Thailand. There are reports and evidence of their abuse and harassment by officials and employers.
What are the reasons why refugees leave their country?
Some migrants leave their country because they want to work, study or join family, for example. Others feel they must leave because of poverty, political unrest, gang violence, natural disasters or other serious circumstances that exist there.