Quick Answer: Why is the biodiversity flora and fauna in Indonesia classified so high?

Why does Indonesia have high levels of biodiversity?

Thus, apart from the high level of species richness, another great value of Indonesia’s biodiversity is that many of species are endemic, meaning those that are only found in that region and nowhere else in the world. In fact, Indonesia is not only a mega diversity hotspot but also rich in cultural diversity.

Why does Indonesia have the most endangered species?

Causes of Wildlife Extinction

Deforestation is the main factor of the threatened wildlife in Indonesia because forest is the natural habitat for wildlife. In the 1950’s, 84% of the land in Indonesia comprised of forests (around 162 millions hectares).

How biodiverse is Indonesia?

Indonesia boasts the second highest level of biodiversity in the world. It is one of the 17 megadiverse countries and has two of the world’s 25 biodiversity hotspots, 18 World Wildlife Fund’s “Global 200” ecoregions and 24 of Bird Life International’s Endemic Bird Areas.

What is Indonesia’s native flora and fauna?

Indonesia is comprised by over 17,000 islands, and is located in a transitional zone between some of the world’s largest flora and fauna habitat regions.

Native Plants Of Indonesia.

Native Plants of Indonesia Scientific Name
Anggrek Bulan Phalaenopsis amabilis
Padma Raksasa Rafflesia Rafflesia arnoldii
Malay Paduak Pterocarpus indicus
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What ecosystem is Indonesia?

Indonesia’s vast land area consists of a variety of ecological regions. Some of the ecological regions are Borneo montane rain forests, Buru rain forests, Lesser Sundas deciduous forests, New Guinea mangroves, Sumatran freshwater swamp forests, and Sumba deciduous forests.

How many biodiversity are there in Indonesia?

Indonesia has 728 conserved species which consist of 130 mammals, 390 birds, 48 reptiles, 8 fish, 20 butterflies, 12 molluscs, and 9 crustacea.

What percent of Indonesia is rainforest?

FAO, 52.1% or about 94,432,000 ha of Indonesia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 50.0% ( 47,236,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Indonesia had 3,549,000 ha of planted forest.

Indonesia Forest Information and Data.

Total Land Area (1000 ha) 181157
Percent other wooded land 12