How did Singapore became a British trading port?
In 1819, British statesman Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, leading to the establishment of the crown colony of Singapore in 1819. During World War II, Singapore was conquered and occupied by the Japanese Empire from 1942 to 1945.
What Sir Stamford Raffles did for Singapore?
We recognise him as the man who founded modern Singapore 200 years ago. In 1819, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles signed a treaty with the Sultan of Johor, granting the British East India Company rights to set up a trading post in Singapore.
Why was Singapore suitable as a trading port?
Singapore’s excellent location along the Maritime Silk Road meant it was easy for traders to stop by with goods. When Singapore was set up as a free port in 1819, it allowed goods to be traded freely without anyone having to pay heavy fees. … When sea trade increased, so did businesses and jobs.
Why was Singapore important to the British?
Singapore epitomised what the British Empire was all about – a strategically vital military base that protected Britain’s other Commonwealth possessions in the Far East.
What did crawfurd do for Singapore?
He collected revenue from opium and arrack farms and also introduced licenses for pawnbrokers and the manufacture and sale of gunpowder. As a vigorous proponent of free trade, Crawfurd abolished anchorage and other port fees, making Singapore unique as a port that was free from tariffs and port charges.
How did William Farquhar contribution to Singapore?
He managed to attract traders, settlers and supplies to Singapore, and administered the settlement on a shoestring budget. To raise revenue for the settlement, he took pragmatic measures such as allowing gambling dens and auctioning monopoly rights to sell opium and spirits.
What did Stamford Raffles do?
1781–1826. Born July 6, 1781, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles is best known for his career in the East India Company, during which he played a central role in the British conquest and administration of Java, founded Singapore, devoted himself to ethnography and natural history, and published a seminal History of Java.
Is Farquhar the founder of Singapore?
William Farquhar was installed as the first British Resident and Commandant of Singapore following the establishment of a British trading post on the island by then Lieutenant Governor of Bencoolen, Sir Stamford Raffles, on 6 February 1819.
Why did the British set up a trading post in Singapore?
Most importantly, unlike other islands in the region, Singapore was not occupied by the Dutch. … The British offered to recognise Tengku Hussein as the rightful Sultan of Johor with a yearly payment, in return for the right for the British East India Company to establish a trading post in Singapore.