Why is Indonesia so polluted?
Issues include large-scale deforestation (much of it illegal) and related wildfires causing heavy smog over parts of western Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore; over-exploitation of marine resources; and environmental problems associated with rapid urbanisation and economic development, including air pollution, traffic …
How much plastic pollution does Indonesia produce?
Indonesia currently produces 6.8 million tons of plastic waste per year, with only about 10% of it ending up in recycling centers. About 625,000 tons of annual plastic waste ends up in the oceans.
Where is plastic pollution in Indonesia?
An estimated 346.5 kton/year (estimated range of 201.1 – 552.3 kton/year) of plastic waste is discharged into the marine environment from land-based sources in Indonesia, two thirds of which come from Java and Sumatra.
How polluted is Indonesia?
5 concentrations from 8 μg/m3 to 22 μg/m3. According to the AQLI, as 80 percent of Indonesia’s population of over 250 million is exposed to annual average pollution concentrations above the WHO guideline, the country has the fifth highest loss of life-years due to particulate pollution in the world.
How much waste does Indonesia produce daily?
Indonesia is currently estimated to produce more than 190,000 tons of waste each day, the majority (around 57 percent) of which is organic waste. Plastic is estimated to contribute around 25,000 tons per day to total waste, of which – at least – 20% is believed to end up in rivers and coastal waters.
What effect does plastic have on Indonesia?
Indonesia is the world’s second-largest plastic polluter, behind only China. Plastic waste in the ocean negatively affects the marine ecosystem as sea creatures like whales, turtles and fish mistake floating plastic waste for food, swallowing material they can’t digest.
What causes water pollution in Indonesia?
In addition to domestic activities, sources of water pollution also come from industrial activities wastes water such as small scale industries, agriculture, textile, pulp and paper, petrochemical, mining, and oil and gas.
Where does the majority of the waste go to in the city of Jakarta Indonesia?
In Jakarta, nowhere to go but up
Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital, has grown extremely fast in recent years, partly because of a national economic boom. Most of Jakarta’s waste ends up at Bantar Gebang, one of the biggest landfills in the world: It covers 272 acres and receives over 6,000 tons of trash per day.
How does marine pollution affect Indonesia?
Pollution at this scale threatens to devastate fishing and tourism industries (risking over US$3 billion in annual tourism revenue) and damage the nation’s rich marine biodiversity and extensive mangrove, seagrass, and coral reef habitats.