Is Indonesia a common law jurisdiction?
The Indonesian legal system is a Civil Law system rather than a Common Law system (The Common Law System is found chiefly in Australia, England, America and other former British colonies). … For example, Civil Law systems do not use juries. Instead, decisions as to guilt or innocence are made by a panel of three judges.
What type of legal system does Indonesia have?
Indonesia implements a mixed legal system with the civil law system as the main legal system adopted from the Dutch colonial law. Indonesia also recognises the customary legal system (sistem hukum adat) and religious legal system (Islamic sharia law).
What are the criminal laws in Indonesia?
Indonesia is a civil law country with five major codes. Its criminal procedure code, the Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Acara Pidana (“KUHAP”), determines the procedures and rights of individuals at different stages of the trial process.
Why Indonesia is a civil law country?
Law of Indonesia is based on a civil law system, intermixed with customary law and the Roman Dutch law. … Dutch presence and subsequent occupation of Indonesia for 350 years has left a legacy of Dutch colonial law, largely in the Indonesia civil code.
How corrupt is Indonesia?
Transparency International’s 2020 Corruption Perception Index ranks the country 102th place out of 180 countries, dropped from 96 the previous year. There are two key areas in the public sector in which corruption in Indonesia can be found.
Does Indonesia have separation of powers?
Legislative power is vested in both the government and the bicameral People’s Consultative Assembly. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The 1945 constitution provided for a limited separation of executive, legislative and judicial power.
Does Indonesia have capital punishment?
Indonesia has been criticised nationally and internationally for its use of the death penalty. Critics argue the death penalty does not deter crime and there has never been any solid empirical evidence suggesting it can. … Globally only a small number of states still execute.
What are the rules in Indonesia?
Basic rules of Indonesian etiquette
- Never use your left hand for anything. …
- Remember to remove your shoes or sandals at the door to a house, and don’t show the soles of your feet to anyone.
- Use your right thumb to point at things – pointing with the index finger is considered rude.
Is it safe in Indonesia?
Indonesia is mostly a safe country to travel to, though it still has its dangers from natural disasters to terrorism and petty theft. Be very cautious on the streets of Indonesia and plan your trip carefully.
Who will then execute the judgment in criminal trial process of Indonesia?
Pursuant to Article 270 of the Act on Criminal Procedure, which is also signified by Act No. 5/1991 on Prosecution Service of the Republic of Indonesia, the execution of punishment which has become final and binding shall be carried out by the public prosecutor.
What is a penal code meaning?
: a code of laws concerning crimes and offenses and their punishment.
What do you mean by procedural law?
Law that establishes the rules of the court and the methods used to ensure the rights of individuals in the court system. In particular, laws that provide how the busines of the court is to be conducted. … While distinct from substantive rights, procedural law can nevertheless greatly influence a case.