What is the difference between a libel and a cyber libel in the Philippines?

What is cyber libel?

Cyber-libel is a term used when someone has posted or emailed something that is untrue and damaging about someone else on the Internet, including in message boards, bulletin boards, blogs, chat rooms, personal websites, social media, social networking sites, or other published articles. (

How can I prove cyber libel in the Philippines?

353 of the RPC, the following requisites must be present: (a) it must be defamatory; (b) it must be malicious; (c) it must be given publicity; and (d) the victim must be identifiable.

How does libel become cyber libel?

Elements of Cyber Libel

There must be an imputation of a crime, or of a vice or defect, real or imaginary, or any act, omission, condition, status, or circumstance.

Who are the person liable for cyber libel?

The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012, in relation to the Articles 353 and 355 of the Revised Penal Code, clearly identifies the author and the editor as the persons clearly liable for the crime of cyber libel: “Art. 360.

What is the difference between libel and cyber libel?

Cyber libel is committed in the same manner as libel except for the medium of its commission which is through a computer system or device. The Regional Trial Court has jurisdiction on both libel and cyber libel. … Another difference between libel and cyber libel is the prescriptive period.

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What are some examples of libel?

To call a person a murderer, a cheat, a child molester, an alcoholic, a liar, a thief, a drug abuser, etc., can be considered grounds for a libel case. Any accusation that a member of society has violated common standards of ethical behavior can lead to a libel suit.

How do you defend cyber libel?


  1. Parameters. Libel Defined. …
  2. Absence of an element of libel. …
  3. Absence of “actual malice” under the New York Times test. …
  4. Truth of the libelous statement. …
  5. Privileged communication. …
  6. Fair comment or opinion. …
  7. Fair criticism. …
  8. Good motives and justifiable ends.

How do I file a libel case in the Philippines?

General Rule: The action may be filed in the Regional Trial Court of the province or city where the libelous article is printed and first published or where any of the offended parties actually resides at the time of the commission of the offense.

What are the 5 basic elements of libel?

Under United States law, libel generally requires five key elements: the plaintiff must prove that the information was published, the plaintiff was directly or indirectly identified, the remarks were defamatory towards the plaintiff’s reputation, the published information is false, and that the defendant is at fault.

Can you sue for libel on the Internet?

Defamation that occurs over the Internet is referred to as “Online Defamation” or “Internet Defamation.” While defamation can sometimes result in criminal liability, in the vast majority of cases, it is a tort. This means the aggrieved party can file a civil lawsuit in court to recover damages.

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Can you sue for libel on social media?

Yes, you can sue for social media defamation. However, while it may seem natural to want to sue the social media platform for defamation, your best option is to file a defamation lawsuit against the individual poster or commenter.