The Tagalog had a three-class social structure consisting of the alipin (commoners, serfs, and slaves), the maharlika (warrior nobility), and finally the maginoo.
What are the five classes of ancient Philippine society?
Terms in this set (35)
- Highest Class. Tagalog : Maginoo. Visayas: Datu.
- Second Class. Tagalog: Maharlika. Visayans: Timawa.
- Bottom Class: Alipin.
Three primary social classes exist in the Philippines: the low-income class, the middle-income class, and the high-income class.
What is higher Maharlika or timawa?
History of the Philippines
The Maharlika (meaning freeman or freedman) were the feudal warrior class in ancient Tagalog society in Luzon, the Philippines. The Spanish translated the name as Hidalgos (or libres). They belonged to the lower nobility class similar to the Timawa of the Visayan people.
There were four social classes in ancient Filipino society: the chiefs, nobles, freemen and the slaves. The datu or the chief headed a barangay or community. His family, relatives and elders belonged to the maginoo class group of nobles. The freemen or middle class belong to the timawa or maharlika group.
The social class system of Latin America goes as follows from the most power and fewest people, to those with the least amount of power and the most people: Peninsulares, Creoles, Mestizos, Mulattoes, Native Americans and Africans.
Most social scientists in the U.S. agree that society is stratified into social classes. Social classes are hierarchical groupings of individuals that are usually based on wealth, educational attainment, occupation, income, or membership in a subculture or social network.
How did Magellan reach the Philippines?
On March 16, 1521, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan, attempting to sail around the world for Spain, reached the Philippine archipelago. … Fortified by provisions secured at island stops along the way, the ships reached the Philippines in March 1521.