What is the natural environment in Indonesia?

What type of environment covers most of Indonesia?

Indonesia is an equatorial country with significant tropical forest. These forests are the largest of their kind in Asia. Indonesia has the third largest endowment of tropical forests in the world after the Amazon and Congo rainforests.

What are the natural resources of Indonesia?

The most important minerals found and produced in Indonesia are tin, bauxite, nickel, gold and copper.

How does the natural environment impact the economy of Indonesia?

Millions of people depend heavily on Indonesia’s rich natural resources for food, shelter, water, energy, and jobs. … These efforts benefited the livelihoods of over 180,000 people, protected key ecosystems and species, and reduced poaching by as much as 70 percent in certain MPAs.

What is Indonesia doing for the environment?

Recognizing the domestic and international importance of its tropical landscape and the people in it, the Indonesian government has made encouraging decisions; it has voluntarily committed to a minimum 26% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 and developed a strategy for land use and forestry emissions, …

What is the climate of Indonesia?

Indonesia’s climate is largely hot and humid, with rainfall occurring mostly in low-lying areas and mountainous regions experiencing cooler temperatures. The cities of Jakarta, Ujung Padang, Medan, Padang, and Balikpapan have an average minimum temperature of 22.8°C and a high of 30.2°C.

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Is Indonesia environmentally friendly?

Based on successful implementation of the Energy Mix Policy, Indonesia’s National Climate Change Council has calculated that Indonesia has the potential to reduce GHG emissions by 2.3 Gt by 2030, equal to 7% of global GHG emissions reduction, as required by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Why is Indonesia polluted?

Contributors to poor air quality in Indonesia include the mining and oil and gas industries, automobile manufacturing, vehicle emissions, and forest fires. Seasonal variations exist, with the highest levels of air pollution occurring during the dry season (June to October) due to forest fires.

How much of Indonesia is polluted?

According to the AQLI, as 80 percent of Indonesia’s population of over 250 million is exposed to annual average pollution concentrations above the WHO guideline, the country has the fifth highest loss of life-years due to particulate pollution in the world.

How many natural resources does Indonesia have?

The key natural resources of the country include silver, coal, fertile soil, natural gas, petroleum, gold, bauxite, tin, copper, timber, and nickel. Indonesia is a globally leading exporter of tin and thermal coal. The mining industry in the country makes up 11.9% of its GDP.

What is the geography of Indonesia?

Indonesia is an archipelagic country located in Southeast Asia, lying between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.

Geography of Indonesia.

Continent Asia
Highest point Puncak Jaya (Carstensz Pyramid) 4,884 m (16,024 ft)
Lowest point Sea level 0 m (0 ft)
Longest river Kapuas River 1,143 km (710 mi)
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