Why was Indonesia colonized by the Dutch?
The Dutch arrived in Indonesia in 1595 looking for natural resources and a place to take over.
When did the Dutch Takeover Indonesia?
In the 1600s, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) began colonizing parts of Indonesia. After the abolition of the VOC in 1796, the Dutch government gained control over Indonesia, which was then referred to as the Netherlands East Indies.
How did the Dutch affect Indonesia?
Starting in the 1830s, the Dutch instituted a sugar-growing system in some areas, building 94 sugar-processing factories, as well as roads and railroads to transport materials and products. Generally the Dutch would export high-quality sugar from Indonesia while keeping lower-quality sugar in the country.
Is Indonesia still a Dutch colony?
It began during the spice trade as the Netherlands established the Dutch East Indies Company (VOC) trading post in what is now Indonesia, before colonising it as the Dutch East Indies until the mid 20th century. Indonesia was the largest former Dutch colony.
How did the presence of the Dutch alter affect Indonesian society?
The Dutch brought new technology over to Indonesia. After they became an independent country, they even elected a president. Negative Effects: The Dutch destroyed the peaceful way of life of the Indonesian people by bringing violence into the country.
Who colonized Indonesia and what was the main impact?
Europeans such as the Portuguese arrived in Indonesia from the 16th century seeking to monopolise the sources of valuable nutmeg, cloves, and cubeb pepper in Maluku. In 1602, the Dutch established the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and became the dominant European power by 1610.