What did the Dutch do for Indonesia?
From 1910, the Dutch created the most centralised state power in Southeast Asia. Politically, the highly centralised power structure, including the exorbitant powers of exile and censorship, established by the Dutch administration was carried over into the new Indonesian republic.
How did the presence of the Dutch alter affect Indonesian society?
The Dutch brought new technology over to Indonesia. After they became an independent country, they even elected a president. Negative Effects: The Dutch destroyed the peaceful way of life of the Indonesian people by bringing violence into the country.
Why did the Dutch want Indonesia?
The Dutch arrived in Indonesia in 1595 looking for natural resources and a place to take over.
When did the Dutch lose control of Indonesia?
In 1949, a final agreement was brokered between the Netherlands and the newly formed United States of Indonesia which transferred sovereignty to the Indonesian government and ceded the claims of the Dutch over the ceded territory.
How did the Dutch gain control of Indonesia?
In 1602, the Dutch parliament awarded the VOC a monopoly on trade and colonial activities in the region at a time before the company controlled any territory in Java. In 1619, the VOC conquered the West Javan city of Jayakarta, where they founded the city of Batavia (present-day Jakarta).
What was the Dutch policy in Indonesia?
The Ethical Policy (acknowledging that the Dutch had a debt of honour towards the Indonesians) was aimed at raising the living standards of the native population. The means to accomplish this was direct state intervention in (economic) life, promoted under the slogan ‘irrigation, education and emigration’.
What atrocities did the Dutch commit?
During colonial rule, Dutch forces regularly committed atrocities and Indonesian civilians were tortured, raped, and executed. Even in the last years of colonialism, thousands of supporters of independence were jailed. The men who led these atrocities have often been lionized in the Netherlands.
How did Indonesia gain independence?
Indonesia gained its independence at the end of WW2 in 1945. The Dutch ruled Indonesia until the Japenese invasion and subsequent occupation in 1942. … After the Japanese surrendered in 1945, Indonesia was declared independent by Sukarno, the country’s first president.